All About Surrogacy
Surrogacy is a new concept in modern human reproduction technology. It is receiving wide acceptance in developed or more advanced countries and is now making an inroad into less developing countries. It serves a common need to fulfill a common human desire, primarily the desire for parenting where normal circumstances are inadequate. A surrogate mother therefore becomes an important link to many for that dream to come true.
A surrogate mother is a woman who gets pregnant and gives birth to a baby for another person. She can also be defined as a third party in a lenghty and intimate act of carrying a baby for nine months. A surrogate mother can also be the donor of an egg to a woman who is able to carry a baby to term but is unable to produce an egg needed for conception. The term surrogate mother can also be used for a woman who carries a child in pursuance of a prior arrangement with intent of handing over the child after birth of another person or persons with an understanding that she will receive payment. A surrogate mother is also a birth mother. As earlier said a surrogate mother is also a woman who makes it possible for the dream of another woman to become a parent, come true.
Let us examine briefly some situations where the need for surrogacy may crop up. A couple may need the help of a surrogate mother because the wife is infertile although sometimes both partners may be infertile. Some couples may not want to be biological parents because of an existing genetic problem which they do not want their offspring to inherit. A woman may have had her fallopian tubes damaged or blocked as a result of previous surgery in the abdomen or complications arising from the use of the IUD(Intra uterine device) or STD(sexually transmitted disease). In this case, the egg cannot therefore get down to the uterus from the ovary and conception cannot take place. A man who has a low sperm count or a woman with blocked. Fallopian tubes may have the option of invitro fertilization (I V F) to address the problem. The use of a surrogate mother cannot be ruled out, if in addition the woman has problem with the womb and cannot carry a baby to term. If a woman may be capable of producing health eggs but cannot bear children, one or more of her eggs can be surgically removed, fertilized outside her body in vitro with her husband’s sperm. The fertilized egg will then be placed in the body of a surrogate mother, who will carry the baby to term. This method is known as embryo transfer. A surrogate may also donate an egg to another woman who is able to carry a baby to term but is unable herself to produce the egg needed for conception